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© Christine Schmitt, Anubis Vega Rua, Jean-Marc Panaud
Tête de moustique femelle Aedes albopictus, vecteur du virus de la dengue et du chikungunya. Microphotographie électronique à balayage, image colorisée.
Publication : Emerging microbes & infections

Potential of and (Diptera: Culicidae) to transmit yellow fever virus in urban areas in Central Africa

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Emerging microbes & infections - 01 Jan 2019

Kamgang B, Vazeille M, Yougang AP, Tedjou AN, Wilson-Bahun TA, Mousson L, Wondji CS, Failloux AB

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 31711378

Emerg Microbes Infect 2019;8(1):1636-1641

Yellow Fever (YF) remains a major public health issue in Sub-Saharan Africa and South America, despite the availability of an effective vaccine. In Africa, most YF outbreaks are reported in West Africa. However, urban outbreaks occurred in 2016 in both Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), and imported cases were reported in Chinese workers coming back from Africa. In Central Africa, Cameroon and the Republic of Congo host a high proportion of non-vaccinated populations increasing the risk of urban outbreaks. The main vector is and possibly, both being anthropophilic and domestic mosquitoes. Here, we provide evidence that both and in Cameroon and the Republic of Congo are able to transmit Yellow fever virus (YFV) with higher rates of infection, dissemination, and transmission for . We conclude that the potential of both species to transmit YFV could increase the risk of urban YF transmission and urge public health authorities to intensify their efforts to control domestic vectors, and extend vaccine coverage to prevent major YFV outbreak.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31711378