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© Matteo Bonazzi, Edith Gouin
Observation en immunofluorescence d'une cellule infectée par Listeria monocytogenes. En bleu: marquage des protéines de surface de Listeria qui permet de visualiser les bactéries. En rouge et vert: marquage de l'actine, une protéine qui forme le cytosquelette des cellules. Les Listeria utilisent l'actine cellulaire pour former des "comêtes" et se déplacer à l'intérieur des cellules qu'elles infectent. Cell infected by Listeria monocytogenes. The surface proteins (in blue) of Listeria enable us to view the bacteria. Actin, a constituent protein of cells, is shown in red and green.
Publication : Blood

Platelet homeostasis is regulated by platelet expression of CD47 under normal conditions and in passive immune thrombocytopenia

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Blood - 21 Jan 2005

Olsson M, Bruhns P, Frazier WA, Ravetch JV, Oldenborg PA

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 15665111

Blood 2005 May;105(9):3577-82

Interaction between target cell CD47 and the inhibitory macrophage receptor signal regulatory protein alpha (SIRPalpha) counteracts macrophage phagocytosis of CD47-expressing host cells. As platelets also express CD47, we asked whether inhibitory CD47/SIRPalpha signaling regulates normal platelet turnover and clearance of platelets in immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). CD47(-/-) mice had a mild spontaneous thrombocytopenia, which was not due to a decreased platelet half-life as a result of increased expression of P-selectin, CD61, or phosphatidylserine. In contrast, CD47(-/-) platelets were rapidly cleared when transfused into CD47(+/+) recipients, whereas CD47(+/-) platelets had a nearly normal half-life in CD47(+/+) mice under nonautoimmune conditions. CD47(-/-) mice were more sensitive to ITP, as compared with CD47(+/+) mice. In vitro, macrophage phagocytosis of immunoglobulin G (IgG)-opsonized CD47(-/-) platelets was significantly higher than that for equally opsonized CD47(+/+) platelets. However, when SIRPalpha was blocked, phagocytosis of CD47(+/+) platelets increased to the level of CD47(-/-) platelets. Phagocytosis of opsonized CD47(+/-) platelets was higher than that for CD47(+/+) platelets, but lower than that for CD47(-/-) platelets, suggesting a gene-dose effect of CD47 in this system. In conclusion, we suggest that inhibitory CD47/SIRPalpha signaling is involved in regulating platelet phagocytosis in ITP, and that targeting SIRPalpha may be a new means of reducing platelet clearance in ITP.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15665111