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© Mart Krupovic, Junfeng Liu
Scanning electron micrograph of Saccharolobus islandicus cells (light blue) infected with the lemon-shaped virus STSV2 (yellow). Artistic rendering by Ala Krupovic.
Publication : Current Opinion in Virology

Perspective on taxonomic classification of uncultivated viruses

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Current Opinion in Virology - 01 Dec 2021

Dutilh BE, Varsani A, Tong Y, Simmonds P, Sabanadzovic S, Rubino L, Roux S, Muñoz AR, Lood C, Lefkowitz EJ, Kuhn JH, Krupovic M, Edwards RA, Brister JR, Adriaenssens EM, Sullivan MB

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 34781105

Link to DOI – S1879-6257(21)00133-410.1016/j.coviro.2021.10.011

Curr Opin Virol 2021 12; 51: 207-215

Historically, virus taxonomy has been limited to describing viruses that were readily cultivated in the laboratory or emerging in natural biomes. Metagenomic analyses, single-particle sequencing, and database mining efforts have yielded new sequence data on an astounding number of previously unknown viruses. As metagenomes are relatively free of biases, these data provide an unprecedented insight into the vastness of the virosphere, but to properly value the extent of this diversity it is critical that the viruses are taxonomically classified. Inclusion of uncultivated viruses has already improved the process as well as the understanding of the taxa, viruses, and their evolutionary relationships. The continuous development and testing of computational tools will be required to maintain a dynamic virus taxonomy that can accommodate the new discoveries.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34781105