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© Carmen Buchrieser, Marie-Christine Prevost
Legionella pneumophila et son flagelle, bactérie responsable de pneumopathie aigue grave. Bactérie de l'environnement , l'émergence récente de cette maladie s'explique par son affinité pour les systèmes modernes d'alimentation en eau comme les tours de refroidissement. Image colorisée.
Publication : Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Ordering human CD34+CD10-CD19+ pre/pro-B-cell and CD19- common lymphoid progenitor stages in two pro-B-cell development pathways

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America - 15 Mar 2010

Sanz E, Muñoz-A N, Monserrat J, Van-Den-Rym A, Escoll P, Ranz I, Alvarez-Mon M, de-la-Hera A

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 20231472

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2010 Mar;107(13):5925-30

Studies here respond to two long-standing questions: Are human “pre/pro-B” CD34(+)CD10(-)CD19(+) and “common lymphoid progenitor (CLP)/early-B” CD34(+)CD10(+)CD19(-) alternate precursors to “pro-B” CD34(+)CD19(+)CD10(+) cells, and do the pro-B cells that arise from these progenitors belong to the same or distinct B-cell development pathways? Using flow cytometry, gene expression profiling, and Ig V(H)-D-J(H) sequencing, we monitor the initial 10 generations of development of sorted cord blood CD34(high)Lineage(-) pluripotential progenitors growing in bone marrow S17 stroma cocultures. We show that (i) multipotent progenitors (CD34(+)CD45RA(+)CD10(-)CD19(-)) directly generate an initial wave of Pax5(+)TdT(-) “unilineage” pre/pro-B cells and a later wave of “multilineage” CLP/early-B cells and (ii) the cells generated in these successive stages act as precursors for distinct pro-B cells through two independent layered pathways. Studies by others have tracked the origin of B-lineage leukemias in elderly mice to the mouse B-1a pre/pro-B lineage, which lacks the TdT activity that diversifies the V(H)-D-J(H) Ig heavy chain joints found in the early-B or B-2 lineage. Here, we show a similar divergence in human B-cell development pathways between the Pax5(+)TdT(-) pre/pro-B differentiation pathway that gives rise to infant B-lineage leukemias and the early-B pathway.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20231472