Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 18280254
Link to DOI – 10.1016/j.febslet.2008.02.010
FEBS Lett 2008 Mar; 582(5): 829-34
Mono-O-glycosylations post-translationally regulate the activity of nucleocytoplasmic proteins. We showed that glucosamine and an inhibitor of deglycosylation (PUGNAc) induced O-glycosylation of FoxO1, resulting in increased expression of a glucose-6-phosphatase reporter gene. This effect was independent of FoxO1 re-localisation, since it was also observed with constitutively nuclear FoxO1-AAA mutant. Moreover, in HepG2 cells, glucosamine and PUGNAc have a synergistic effect on the glucose-6-phosphatase reporter gene, and this effect was inhibited by FoxO1 siRNAs. Since glucose-6-phosphatase plays a key role in hepatic glucose production, our observation may be of importance with regard to glucotoxicity associated with chronic hyperglycaemia in diabetes.