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© Emeline Camand
Marquage par immunofluorescence d'astrocytes tumoraux ou astrocytomes (lignée cellulaire humaine U373), montrant en rouge, APC et en vert, la tubuline des microtubules. APC est un supresseur de tumeur qui est impliqué dans la polarisation des astrocytes normaux. La localisation d'APC est altérée dans des lignées de gliomes. Pour essayer de corriger, les dérèglements observés lors de la migration des cellules d'astrocytes tumuraux ou gliomes on cherche à connaitre les mécanismes moléculaires fondamentaux qui controlent la polarisation et la migration cellulaire.
Publication : Journal of cell science

N-cadherin expression level modulates integrin-mediated polarity and strongly impacts on the speed and directionality of glial cell migration

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Journal of cell science - 24 Jan 2012

Camand E, Peglion F, Osmani N, Sanson M, Etienne-Manneville S

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 22275437

J. Cell. Sci. 2012 Feb;125(Pt 4):844-57

Perturbation of cell polarity is a hallmark of cancer cells. In carcinomas, loss of epithelial E-cadherin contributes to the loss of cell polarity and promotes epithelial-mesenchymal transition and carcinoma infiltration. However, the contribution of classical cadherins to the development of non-epithelial tumours is less well documented. We investigated the impact of the level of N-cadherin expression on the polarity and migration of normal and tumour glial cells. Low levels of N-cadherin were frequently observed in human glioma samples and purified glioma cells. Using a wound-healing assay, we show that a decreased level of N-cadherin promotes a faster and less-directed migration both in normal and tumour cells. N-cadherin-mediated contacts control cell velocity and polarity through the regulation of focal adhesions. In cells expressing low levels of N-cadherin, small focal adhesions are present at the entire cell periphery of confluent cells and are not affected by wounding of the cell monolayer. Under these conditions, wound-induced integrin-mediated recruitment of the small GTPase Cdc42, activation of the Cdc42-mediated polarity pathway and centrosome reorientation do not occur. Re-expression of N-cadherin in gliomas restores cell polarity and strongly reduces cell velocity, suggesting that loss of N-cadherin could contribute to the invasive capacity of tumour astrocytes.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22275437