Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 34229278
Link to DOI – S2352-3964(21)00255-310.1016/j.ebiom.2021.103462
EBioMedicine 2021 Jul; 69(): 103462
Gastric inflammation is a major risk factor for gastric cancer. Current endoscopic methods are not able to efficiently detect and characterize gastric inflammation, leading to a sub-optimal patients’ care. New non-invasive methods are needed. Reflectance mucosal light analysis is of particular interest in this context. The aim of our study was to analyze reflectance light and specific autofluorescence signals, both in humans and in a mouse model of gastritis.We recruited patients undergoing gastroendoscopic procedure during which reflectance was analysed with a multispectral camera. In parallel, the gastritis mouse model of Helicobacter pylori infection was used to investigate reflectance from ex vivo gastric samples using a spectrometer. In both cases, autofluorescence signals were measured using a confocal microscope.In gastritis patients, reflectance modifications were significant in near-infrared spectrum, with a decrease between 610 and 725 nm and an increase between 750 and 840 nm. Autofluorescence was also modified, showing variations around 550 nm of emission. In H. pylori infected mice developing gastric inflammatory lesions, we observed significant reflectance modifications 18 months after infection, with increased intensity between 617 and 672 nm. Autofluorescence was significantly modified after 1, 3 and 6 months around 550 and 630 nm. Both in human and in mouse, these reflectance data can be considered as biomarkers and accurately predicted inflammatory state.In this pilot study, using a practical measuring device, we identified in humans, modification of reflectance spectra in the visible spectrum and for the first time in near-infrared, associated with inflammatory gastric states. Furthermore, both in the mouse model and humans, we also observed modifications of autofluorescence associated with gastric inflammation. These innovative data pave the way to deeper validation studies on larger cohorts, for further development of an optical biopsy system to detect gastritis and finally to better surveil this important gastric cancer risk factor.The project was funded by the ANR EMMIE (ANR-15-CE17-0015) and the French Gastroenterology Society (SNFGE).