Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 37803011
Link to DOI – 10.1038/s41467-023-41966-4
Nat Commun 2023 Oct; 14(1): 6224
Passive immunization using broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) is investigated in clinical settings to inhibit HIV-1 acquisition due to the lack of a preventive vaccine. However, bNAbs efficacy against highly infectious cell-associated virus transmission has been overlooked. HIV-1 transmission mediated by infected cells present in body fluids likely dominates infection and aids the virus in evading antibody-based immunity. Here, we show that the anti-N-glycans/V3 loop HIV-1 bNAb 10-1074 formulated for topical vaginal application in a microbicide gel provides significant protection against repeated cell-associated SHIV162P3 vaginal challenge in non-human primates. The treated group has a significantly lower infection rate than the control group, with 5 out of 6 animals fully protected from the acquisition of infection. The findings suggest that mucosal delivery of potent bnAbs may be a promising approach for preventing transmission mediated by infected cells and support the use of anti-HIV-antibody-based strategies as potential microbicides in human clinical trials.