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© Research
Publication : Research in microbiology

Molecular typing of Brucella with cloned DNA probes

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Research in microbiology - 01 Jan 1992

Grimont F, Verger JM, Cornelis P, Limet J, Lefèvre M, Grayon M, Régnault B, Van Broeck J, Grimont PA

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 1641513

Res. Microbiol. 1992 Jan;143(1):55-65

Brucella constitutes a single genomic species (B. melitensis); however, for epidemiological studies, methods are needed for discriminating strains within this genomic species. DNA samples from 112 Brucella strains were cleaved by restriction endonucleases and the fragments separated by agarose gel electrophoresis and transferred to nylon membranes. When the DNA fragments on the membranes were probed with 32P-labelled 16 + 23 S rRNA from Escherichia coli, a single rRNA gene restriction pattern was obtained after cleavage with all endonucleases tested (HindIII, EcoRI, SmaI, and XhoI) except BamHI. This indicated high genomic homogeneity within the single Brucella species. Of 30 probes consisting of random Brucella DNA fragments cloned into lambda EMBL3, 20 yielded a single BamHI restriction pattern per probe when applied to 112 Brucella DNA tested. However, 7 probes yielded 3 to 12 different patterns among DNA tested. These patterns more-or-less correlated with the classification of strains into biogroups (Melitensis, Abortus, Suis, Neotomae, Ovis and Canis) and biovars (18 biovars represented). Probe A was capable of separating biogroup Melitensis from the other biogroups. Probe C separated the set of biogroups Melitensis-Abortus-Ovis from the other biogroups. By reference to the patterns obtained using 1 to 7 probes, the most frequently occurring biovars (Melitensis 1, Melitensis 3, Abortus 1, Abortus 3, Suis 2 and Ovis) could be distinguished from each other. Eight biovars showed more than one pattern with 1 to 7 probes. The proposed typing system should be useful for epidemiological subtyping and does not pose safety problems once the DNA has been extracted.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1641513