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© Institut Pasteur/Antoinette Ryter
Salmonella spp. Bactéries à Gram négatif, aérobies ou anaérobies facultatifs à transmission orofécale. Les salmonelles majeures (sérotype typhi et sérotype paratyphi) sont responsables des fièvres typhoïde et paratyphoïde chez l'homme uniquement ; les salmonelles mineures (sérotype typhimurium et sérotype enteritidis) sont impliquées dans 30 à 60 % des gastroentérites et toxiinfections d'origine alimentaire. Image colorisée.
Publication : Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy

Molecular and biochemical characterization of the natural chromosome-encoded class A beta-lactamase from Pseudomonas luteola

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy - 02 Nov 2009

Doublet B, Robin F, Casin I, Fabre L, Le Fleche A, Bonnet R, Weill FX

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 19884377

Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 2010 Jan;54(1):45-51

Pseudomonas luteola (formerly classified as CDC group Ve-1 and named Chryseomonas luteola) is an unusual pathogen implicated in rare but serious infections in humans. A novel beta-lactamase gene, bla(LUT-1), was cloned from the whole-cell DNA of the P. luteola clinical isolate LAM, which had a weak narrow-spectrum beta-lactam-resistant phenotype, and expressed in Escherichia coli. This gene encoded LUT-1, a 296-amino-acid Ambler class A beta-lactamase with a pI of 6 and a theoretical molecular mass of 28.9 kDa. The catalytic efficiency of this enzyme was higher for cephalothin, cefuroxime, and cefotaxime than for penicillins. It was found to be 49% to 59% identical to other Ambler class A beta-lactamases from Burkholderia sp. (PenA to PenL), Ralstonia eutropha (REUT), Citrobacter sedlakii (SED-1), Serratia fonticola (FONA and SFC-1), Klebsiella sp. (KPC and OXY), and CTX-M extended-spectrum beta-lactamases. No gene homologous to the regulatory ampR genes of class A beta-lactamases was found in the vicinity of the bla(LUT-1) gene. The entire bla(LUT-1) coding region was amplified by PCR and sequenced in five other genetically unrelated P. luteola strains (including the P. luteola type strain). A new variant of bla(LUT-1) was found for each strain. These genes (named bla(LUT-2) to bla(LUT-6)) had nucleotide sequences 98.1 to 99.5% identical to that of bla(LUT-1) and differing from this gene by two to four nonsynonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms. The bla(LUT) gene was located on a 700- to 800-kb chromosomal I-CeuI fragment, the precise size of this fragment depending on the P. luteola strain.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19884377