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© Sandrine Etienne-Manneville
Photo prise à l'avant (dans la protrusion) d'astrocytes primaires de rat en migration. Marquage par immunofluorescence montrant en rouge, p150 Glued, une protéine associée aux extrémités 'plus' des microtubules et en vert la tubuline des microtubules. La photographie montre l'accumulation de p150 Glued à l'avant des cellules en migration, où la protéine pourrait participer à l'ancrage des microtubules à la membrane plasmique. Pour essayer de corriger, les dérèglements observés lors de la migration des cellules d'astrocytes tumuraux ou gliomes on cherche à connaitre les mécanismes moléculaires fondamentaux qui controlent la polarisation et la migration cellulaires.
Publication : The Journal of biological chemistry

Membrane protein insertion regulated by bringing electrostatic and hydrophobic interactions into play. A case study with the translocation domain of diphtheria toxin

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in The Journal of biological chemistry - 21 Aug 2002

Chenal A, Savarin P, Nizard P, Guillain F, Gillet D, Forge V

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 12193591

J. Biol. Chem. 2002 Nov;277(45):43425-32

The study of the membrane insertion of the translocation domain of diphtheria toxin deepens our insight into the interactions between proteins and membranes. During cell intoxication, this domain undergoes a change from a soluble and folded state at alkaline pH to a functional membrane-inserted state at acid pH. We found that hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions occur in a sequential manner between the domain and the membrane during the insertion. The first step involves hydrophobic interactions by the C-terminal region. This is because of the pH-induced formation of a molten globule specialized for binding to the membrane. Accumulation of this molten globule follows a precise molecular mechanism adapted to the toxin function. The second step, as the pH decreases, leads to the functional inserted state. It arises from the changes in the balance of electrostatic attractions and repulsions between the N-terminal part and the membrane. Our study shows how the structural changes and the interaction with membranes of the translocation domain are finely tuned by pH changes to take advantage of the cellular uptake system.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12193591