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© Sandrine Etienne-Manneville
Photo prise à l'avant (dans la protrusion) d'astrocytes primaires de rat en migration. Marquage par immunofluorescence montrant en rouge, p150 Glued, une protéine associée aux extrémités 'plus' des microtubules et en vert la tubuline des microtubules. La photographie montre l'accumulation de p150 Glued à l'avant des cellules en migration, où la protéine pourrait participer à l'ancrage des microtubules à la membrane plasmique. Pour essayer de corriger, les dérèglements observés lors de la migration des cellules d'astrocytes tumuraux ou gliomes on cherche à connaitre les mécanismes moléculaires fondamentaux qui controlent la polarisation et la migration cellulaires.
Publication : Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)

Mean net charge of intrinsically disordered proteins: experimental determination of protein valence by electrophoretic mobility measurements

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.) - 01 Jan 2012

Sotomayor-Pérez AC, Karst JC, Ladant D, Chenal A

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 22821535

Methods Mol. Biol. 2012;896:331-49

Under physiological conditions, intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) are unfolded, mainly because of their low hydrophobicity and the strong electrostatic repulsion between charged residues of the same sign within the protein. Softwares have been designed to facilitate the computation of the mean net charge of proteins (formally protein valence) from their amino acid sequences. Nevertheless, discrepancies between experimental and computed valence values for several proteins have been reported in the literature. Hence, experimental approaches are required to obtain accurate estimation of protein valence in solution. Moreover, ligand-induced disorder-to-order transition is involved in the folding of numerous IDPs. Some of the ligands are cations or anions, which, upon protein binding, decrease the mean net charge of the protein, favoring its folding via a charge reduction effect. An accurate determination of the mean net charge of protein in both its ligand-free intrinsically disordered state and in its folded, ligand-bound state allows one to estimate the number of ligands bound to the protein in the holo-state. Here, we describe an experimental protocol to determine the mean net charge of protein, from its electrophoretic mobility, its molecular mass and its hydrodynamic radius.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22821535