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© Research
Publication : Cellular microbiology

Maintenance of intracellular hypoxia and adequate heat shock response are essential requirements for pathogenicity and virulence of Entamoeba histolytica

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Cellular microbiology - 18 Feb 2015

Santos F, Nequiz M, Hernández-Cuevas NA, Hernández K, Pineda E, Encalada R, Guillén N, Luis-García E, Saralegui A, Saavedra E, Pérez-Tamayo R, Olivos-García A

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 25611463

Cell. Microbiol. 2015 Jul;17(7):1037-51

Adhesion to cells, cytotoxicity and proteolysis are functions required for virulence and pathogenicity of Entamoeba histolytica. However, there was no correlation between these in vitro functions and the early elimination of non-pathogenic E. dispar and non-virulent E. histolytica (nvEh) in experimental amoebic liver abscesses developed in hamsters. Thus, additional functions may be involved in amoebic pathogenicity and virulence. In the present study, an integral experimental assessment, including innovative technologies for analyses of amoebal pathophysiology, cell biology, biochemistry and transcriptomics, was carried out to elucidate whether other cellular processes are involved in amoebal pathogenicity and virulence. In comparison with virulent E. histolytica, the data indicated that the main reasons for the early clearance of nvEh from hamster liver are decreased intracellular H2 O2 detoxification rate and deficient heat shock protein expression, whereas for E. dispar, it is a relatively lower capacity for O2 reduction. Therefore, maintenance of an intracellular hypoxic environment combined with the induction of an adequate parasite response to oxidative stress are essential requirements for Entamoeba survival in the liver, and therefore for pathogenicity.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25611463