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© Pierre Lafaye
Astrocytes marqués par des anticorps VHH anti-GFAP. Des anticorps d'alpagas dirigés contre une protéine spécifique des astrocytes, la GFAP (Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein), ont été obtenus à partir de camélidés immunisés. La partie VHH (partie de l'anticorps qui reconnaît l'antigène) a été exprimée sous forme recombinante chez Escherichia coli.
Publication : Haematologica

Macrophage scavenger receptor SR-AI contributes to the clearance of von Willebrand factor.

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Haematologica - 01 Apr 2018

Wohner N, Muczynski V, Mohamadi A, Legendre P, Proulle V, Aymé G, Christophe OD, Lenting PJ, Denis CV, Casari C,

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 29326120

Link to DOI – 10.3324/haematol.2017.175216

Haematologica 2018 Apr; 103(4): 728-737

Previously, we found that LDL-receptor related protein-1 on macrophages mediated shear stress-dependent clearance of von Willebrand factor. In control experiments, however, we observed that von Willebrand factor also binds to macrophages independently of this receptor under static conditions, suggesting the existence of additional clearance-receptors. In search for such receptors, we focused on the macrophage-specific scavenger-receptor SR-AI. von Willebrand factor displays efficient binding to SR-AI (half-maximum binding 14±5 nM). Binding is calcium-dependent and is inhibited by 72±4% in the combined presence of antibodies against the A1- and D4-domains. Association with SR-AI was confirmed in cell-binding experiments. In addition, binding to bone marrow-derived murine SR-AI-deficient macrophages was strongly reduced compared to binding to wild-type murine macrophages. Following expression via hydrodynamic gene transfer, we determined ratios for von Willebrand factor-propeptide over von Willebrand factor-antigen, a marker of von Willebrand factor clearance. Propeptide/antigen ratios were significantly reduced in SR-AI-deficient mice compared to wild-type mice (0.6±0.2 versus 1.3±0.3; P<0.0001), compatible with a slower clearance of von Willebrand factor in SR-AI-deficient mice. Interestingly, mutants associated with increased clearance (von Willebrand factor/p.R1205H and von Willebrand factor/p.S2179F) had significantly increased binding to purified SR-AI and SR-AI expressed on macrophages. Accordingly, propeptide/antigen ratios for these mutants were reduced in SR-AI-deficient mice. In conclusion, we have identified SR-AI as a novel macrophage-specific receptor for von Willebrand factor. Enhanced binding of von Willebrand factor mutants to SR-AI may contribute to the increased clearance of these mutants.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29326120