Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 12791281
Carbohydr. Res. 2003 Jun;338(12):1283-90
The viscosity of a chitosan solution was rapidly lowered in the presence of pectinase from Aspergillus niger at pH 3.0 and 37 degrees C. The low molecular weight chitosans (LMWC) had a molecular weight in the range 20,000-5000 Da. Circular dichroism spectra showed a decrease in the segment of acetylated glucosamine units, whereas X-ray diffraction and CP-MAS 13C NMR indicated higher crystallinity and polymorphism in LMWC. The latter on thermal drying resulted in structural alterations, and yielded an insoluble product. FT-IR and X-ray diffraction showed no evidence of either Schiff’s base linkage or any annealed polymorph. CP-MAS 13C NMR showed marked changes in the chain conformations of LMWC, which are believed to be responsible for its loss of solubility and functionality.