Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 12798298
Dev. Biol. 2003 Jun;258(2):419-31
Hindbrain development is a well-characterised segmentation process in vertebrates. The bZip transcription factor MafB/kreisler is specifically expressed in rhombomeres (r) 5 and 6 of the developing vertebrate hindbrain and is required for proper caudal hindbrain segmentation. Here, we provide evidence that the mouse protooncogene c-jun, which encodes a member of the bZip family, is coexpressed with MafB in prospective r5 and r6. Analysis of mouse mutants suggests that c-jun expression in these territories is dependent on MafB but independent of the zinc-finger transcription factor Krox20, another essential determinant of r5 development. Loss- and gain-of-function studies, performed in mouse and chick embryos, respectively, demonstrate that c-Jun participates, together with MafB and Krox20, in the transcriptional activation of the Hoxb3 gene in r5. The action of c-Jun is likely to be direct, since c-Jun homodimers and c-Jun/MafB heterodimers can bind to essential regulatory elements within the transcriptional enhancer responsible for Hoxb3 expression in r5. These data indicate that c-Jun acts both as a downstream effector and a cofactor of MafB and belongs to the complex network of factors governing hindbrain patterning.