Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 12885782
J. Biol. Chem. 2003 Oct;278(40):38514-21
Adenylate cyclase toxin (CyaA) is one of the major virulence factors produced by Bordetella pertussis, the whooping cough agent. CyaA belongs to the repeat in toxin protein family and requires a post-translational fatty acylation to form cation-selective channels in target cell membranes and to penetrate into cytosol. We have demonstrated recently that CyaA uses the alphaMbeta2 integrin (CD11b/CD18) as a specific cellular receptor. Here we show that the acylation of CyaA is required for a productive and tight interaction of the toxin with cells expressing CD11b. In addition, we demonstrate that the catalytic domain is not required for binding of CyaA to CD11b and that the main integrin interacting domain of CyaA is located in its glycine/aspartate-rich repeat region. These data decipher, for the first time, the interaction of CyaA with CD11b-positive cells and open new prospects for understanding the interaction of Bordetella pertussis with innate and adaptive immune systems.