Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 12530972
Immunity 2003 Jan;18(1):13-26
The mechanism by which TCR signaling activates NF-kappaB is poorly understood. We demonstrate here that the IKK kinase complex is recruited to the immunological synapse and can be coprecipitated with the TCR after T cell activation. Using ZAP-70-deficient T cells expressing a hybrid molecule between the SH2 domain of ZAP-70 and NEMO/IKKgamma, we showed that targeting NEMO to the immunological synapse, and more specifically its 120 N-terminal amino acids, was sufficient to selectively restore NF-kappaB activation in response to TCR ligation. Finally, we demonstrated that targeting of NEMO to the membrane of T cells was sufficient to induce constitutive NF-kappaB activation. This study shows that the localization of NEMO to the immunological synapse is important for TCR-induced NF-kappaB activation and offers a powerful system to dissect the NF-kappaB cascade in T cells.