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© Research
Publication : Orthopaedics & traumatology, surgery & research : OTSR

Individual decontamination measures reduce by two the incidence of surgical site infections in spinal surgery

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Orthopaedics & traumatology, surgery & research : OTSR - 01 May 2020

Bouyer B, Arvieu R, Gerlinger MP, Watier L, Kassis N, Nerome S, Diop A, Mainardi JL, Durieux P, Guigui P,

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 32371016

Link to DOI [DOI] – 10.1016/j.otsr.2020.01.013

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res. 2020 May 1;S1877-0568(20)30073-6

In spinal surgery, incidence of surgical site infections (SSI) is estimated between 1 and 10%. It results in increased morbidity, mortality and cost of management. Individual Staphylococcus aureus (SA) decolonization has already proved efficiency to prevent those events in various surgical domains. The aim of this study was to evaluate a strategy of prevention of SSI and in particular the decolonization of the nasal carriage of SA by a protocol with Mupirocin application.We conducted a bicentric observational study on 5314 spinal surgery patients over a seven-year period. In both center, we compared periods before and after implementation of two measures: modification of antibioprophylaxis and staphylococcus decolonization. Homogeneity of the different samples of patients was assessed through measure of individual and surgical variables. We measured monthly incidence of SSI and evaluated its evolution in order to assess efficiency of these interventions.The incidence of SSI decreased by half, from 7.3% to 3% at the Beaujon Hospital and from 8.3% to 3.9% at the Georges-Pompidou European Hospital (GPEH). We do not observe any significant decrease of SA rate in these SSI.We believe that Staphylococcus aureus decolonization should be recommended in spinal surgery, and should be combined with an overall improvement of the quality of care.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32371016