Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 8602459
Scand. J. Immunol. 1996 Mar;43(3):263-70
In this work, the authors analysed T and B lymphocyte subsets and cytokine production in the spleen of BALB/c mice during polyclonal lymphocyte activation (primary infection) and parasite-specific response to Plasmodium chabaudi chabaudi (secondary infection). The secondary response was evaluated in fully immunoprotected animals, 60 days after a chloroquine-cured infection. The authors observed that in polyclonal lymphocyte activation antibody-secreting cells of all isotypes increased, with predominance of IgG2a and IgG3 classes. At that time, IFN-gamma was largely produced, but IL-4/IL-5 were just slightly enhanced. In mice re-infected after 60 days, the Ig-isotype pattern was restricted to IgG1 and only IL-4/IL-5 were produced. In both responses, however, the levels of IL-2 were greatly reduced, while those of IL-10 were enhanced to similar levels. The different involvement of Th1 and Th2 cells in both responses was confirmed through analysis of CD45RB expression by CD4+ cells. The authors observed that CD45RBhigh cells were the major CD4+ subpopulation in primary infected mice, while CD45RBlow cells predominated in 60 days re-infected animals. Moreover, the great majority of activated (large) CD4+ cells in the primary infection belonged to the CD45RBhigh subset, while after reinfection most of the CD4+ large had a CD45RBlow phenotype.