Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 37502966
Link to DOI – 10.1101/2023.07.19.549712
bioRxiv 2023 Jul; ():
The possible active entry of aminoglycosides in bacterial cells has been debated since the development of this antibiotic family. Here we report the identification of their active transport mechanism in Vibrio species. We combined genome-wide transcriptional analysis and fitness screens to identify alterations driven by treatment of V. cholerae with sub-minimum inhibitory concentrations (sub-MIC) of the aminoglycoside tobramycin. RNA-seq data showed downregulation of the small non-coding RNA ncRNA586 during such treatment, while Tn-seq revealed that inactivation of this sRNA was associated with improved fitness in the presence of tobramycin. This sRNA is located near sugar transport genes and previous work on a homologous region in Vibrio tasmaniensis suggested that this sRNA stabilizes gene transcripts for carbohydrate transport and utilization, as well as phage receptors. The role for ncRNA586, hereafter named ctrR, in the transport of both carbohydrates and aminoglycosides, was further investigated. Flow cytometry on cells treated with a fluorescent aminoglycoside confirmed the role of ctrR and of carbohydrate transporters in differential aminoglycoside entry. Despite sequence diversity, ctrR showed functional conservation across the Vibrionales. This system in directly modulated by carbon sources, suggesting regulation by carbon catabolite repression, a widely conserved mechanism in Gram-negative bacteria, priming future research on aminoglycoside uptake by sugar transporters in other bacterial species.