Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 15090811
AIDS 2004 Feb;18(3):563-5
Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in HIV patients generally increases the CD4 cell count, but the level of CD4 cell restoration remains very heterogeneous. IL-7 is the main cytokine controlling the size of the T-cell pool. We assessed the hypothesis that pre-HAART IL-7 plasma levels may affect CD4 cell restoration after treatment. A positive correlation was found in a cohort of 18 patients between pre-HAART IL-7 plasma levels and CD4 cell increases after 20 +/- 7.8 months of HAART.