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© Research
Publication : The Journal of clinical investigation

Herpes simplex encephalitis in a patient with a distinctive form of inherited IFNAR1 deficiency.

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in The Journal of clinical investigation - 04 Jan 2021

Bastard P, Manry J, Chen J, Rosain J, Seeleuthner Y, AbuZaitun O, Lorenzo L, Khan T, Hasek M, Hernandez N, Bigio B, Zhang P, Lévy R, Shrot S, Reino EJG, Lee YS, Boucherit S, Aubart M, Gijsbers R, Béziat V, Li Z, Pellegrini S, Rozenberg F, Marr N, Meyts I, Boisson B, Cobat A, Bustamante J, Zhang Q, Jouangy E, Abel L, Somech R, Casanova JL, Zhang SY,

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 32960813

Link to DOI – 10.1172/JCI139980139980

J Clin Invest 2021 Jan; 131(1):

Inborn errors of TLR3-dependent IFN-α/β- and IFN-λ-mediated immunity in the CNS can underlie herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) encephalitis (HSE). The respective contributions of IFN-α/β and IFN-λ are unknown. We report a child homozygous for a genomic deletion of the entire coding sequence and part of the 3′-UTR of the last exon of IFNAR1, who died of HSE at the age of 2 years. An older cousin died following vaccination against measles, mumps, and rubella at 12 months of age, and another 17-year-old cousin homozygous for the same variant has had other, less severe, viral illnesses. The encoded IFNAR1 protein is expressed on the cell surface but is truncated and cannot interact with the tyrosine kinase TYK2. The patient’s fibroblasts and EBV-B cells did not respond to IFN-α2b or IFN-β, in terms of STAT1, STAT2, and STAT3 phosphorylation or the genome-wide induction of IFN-stimulated genes. The patient’s fibroblasts were susceptible to viruses, including HSV-1, even in the presence of exogenous IFN-α2b or IFN-β. HSE is therefore a consequence of inherited complete IFNAR1 deficiency. This viral disease occurred in natural conditions, unlike those previously reported in other patients with IFNAR1 or IFNAR2 deficiency. This experiment of nature indicates that IFN-α/β are essential for anti-HSV-1 immunity in the CNS.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32960813