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© Michel-Robert Popoff
Clostridium difficile en microscopie à contraste de phase. On distingue des bactéries sporulées, non sporulées et d'autres en cours de lyse (destruction). Bactérie de l'environnement (sol, eau, foin, sable), elle est à l'origine d'infections nosocomiales survenant après un traitement antibiotique : Clostridium difficile prédomine alors que les autres bactéries de la flore intestinale ont été détruites. L'infection peut provoquer deux types de pathologies graves : les colites pseudo-membraneuses dont l'origine est quasiment due à 100 % à C. difficile et la diarrhée post-antibiothérapie due à C. difficile dans 30 % des cas de ces diarrhées.
Publication : Biochimie

H-NS and H-NS-like proteins in Gram-negative bacteria and their multiple role in the regulation of bacterial metabolism

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Biochimie - 01 Feb 2001

Bertin P, Hommais F, Krin E, Soutourina O, Tendeng C, Derzelle S, Danchin A

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 11278074

Biochimie 2001 Feb;83(2):235-41

In Escherichia coli, the H-NS protein plays an important role in the structure and the functioning of bacterial chromosome. A homologous protein has also been identified in several enteric bacteria and in closely related organisms such as Haemophilus influenzae. To get information on their structure and their function, we identified H-NS-like proteins in various microorganisms by different procedures. In silico analysis of their amino acid sequence and/or in vivo experiments provide evidence that more than 20 proteins belong to the same class of regulatory proteins. Moreover, large scale technologies demonstrate that, at least in E. coli, the loss of motility in hns mutants results from a lack of flagellin biosynthesis, due to the in vivo repression of flagellar gene expression. In contrast, several genes involved in adaptation to low pH are strongly induced in a H-NS deficient strain, resulting in an increased resistance to acidic stress. Finally, expression profiling and phenotypic analysis suggest that, unlike H-NS, its paralogous protein StpA does not play any role in these processes.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11278074