Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 30096850
Genes (Basel) 2018 Aug;9(8)
Golgi reassembly and stacking protein (GRASP) is required for polysaccharide secretion and virulence in . In fungal species, extracellular vesicles (EVs) participate in the export of polysaccharides, proteins and RNA. In the present work, we investigated if EV-mediated RNA export is functionally connected with GRASP in using a Δ mutant. Since GRASP-mediated unconventional secretion involves autophagosome formation in yeast, we included the Δ mutant with defective autophagic mechanisms in our analysis. All fungal strains exported EVs but deletion of or profoundly affected vesicular dimensions. The mRNA content of the Δ EVs differed substantially from that of the other two strains. The transcripts associated to the endoplasmic reticulum were highly abundant transcripts in Δ EVs. Among non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), tRNA fragments were the most abundant in both mutant EVs but Δ EVs alone concentrated 22 exclusive sequences. In general, our results showed that the EV RNA content from Δ and WT were more related than the RNA content of Δ, suggesting that GRASP, but not the autophagy regulator Atg7, is involved in the EV export of RNA. This is a previously unknown function for a key regulator of unconventional secretion in eukaryotic cells.