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© Research
Publication : PLoS pathogens

Genomics of an endemic cystic fibrosis Burkholderia multivorans strain reveals low within-patient evolution but high between-patient diversity.

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in PLoS pathogens - 01 Mar 2021

Lood C, Peeters C, Lamy-Besnier Q, Wagemans J, De Vos D, Proesmans M, Pirnay JP, Echahidi F, Piérard D, Thimmesch M, Boeras A, Lagrou K, De Canck E, De Wachter E, van Noort V, Lavigne R, Vandamme P,

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 33720991

Link to DOI – 10.1371/journal.ppat.1009418

PLoS Pathog 2021 Mar; 17(3): e1009418

Burkholderia multivorans is a member of the Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc), notorious for its pathogenicity in persons with cystic fibrosis. Epidemiological surveillance suggests that patients predominantly acquire B. multivorans from environmental sources, with rare cases of patient-to-patient transmission. Here we report on the genomic analysis of thirteen isolates from an endemic B. multivorans strain infecting four cystic fibrosis patients treated in different pediatric cystic fibrosis centers in Belgium, with no evidence of cross-infection. All isolates share an identical sequence type (ST-742) but whole genome analysis shows that they exhibit peculiar patterns of genomic diversity between patients. By combining short and long reads sequencing technologies, we highlight key differences in terms of small nucleotide polymorphisms indicative of low rates of adaptive evolution within patient, and well-defined, hundred kbps-long segments of high enrichment in mutations between patients. In addition, we observed large structural genomic variations amongst the isolates which revealed different plasmid contents, active roles for transposase IS3 and IS5 in the deactivation of genes, and mobile prophage elements. Our study shows limited within-patient B. multivorans evolution and high between-patient strain diversity, indicating that an environmental microdiverse reservoir must be present for this endemic strain, in which active diversification is taking place. Furthermore, our analysis also reveals a set of 30 parallel adaptations across multiple patients, indicating that the specific genomic background of a given strain may dictate the route of adaptation within the cystic fibrosis lung.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33720991