Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 25043188
Cell Rep. 2014 Jul 24;8(2):439-48
Prions are infectious proteins that can adopt a structural conformation that is then propagated among other molecules of the same protein. [PSI(+)] is an aggregated conformation of the translational release factor eRF3. [PSI(+)] modifies cellular fitness, inducing various phenotypes depending on genetic background. However, the genes displaying [PSI(+)]-controlled expression remain unknown. We used ribosome profiling in isogenic [PSI(+)] and [psi(-)] strains to identify the changes induced by [PSI(+)]. We found 100 genes with stop codon readthrough events and showed that many stress-response genes were repressed in the presence of [PSI(+)]. Surprisingly, [PSI(+)] was also found to affect reading frame selection independently of its effect on translation termination efficiency. These results indicate that [PSI(+)] has a broader impact than initially anticipated, providing explanations for the phenotypic differences between [psi(-)] and [PSI(+)] strains.