Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 33760302
Link to DOI – 10.1111/jocs.15508
J Card Surg 2021 Mar; ():
We sought to evaluate the appropriateness of cardiac anatomy renderings by a new virtual reality (VR) technology, entitled DIVA, directly applicable to raw magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data without intermediate segmentation steps in comparison to standard three-dimensional (3D) rendering techniques (3D PDF and 3D printing). Differences in post-processing times were also evaluated.We reconstructed 3D (STL, 3D-PDF, and 3D printed ones) and VR models of three patients with different types of complex congenital heart disease (CHD). We then asked a senior pediatric heart surgeon to compare and grade the results obtained.All anatomical structures were well visualized in both VR and 3D PDF/printed models. Ventricular-arterial connections and their relationship with the great vessels were better visualized with the VR model (Case 2); aortic arch anatomy and details were also better visualized by the VR model (Case 3). The median post-processing time to get VR models using DIVA was 5 min in comparison to 8 h (range 8-12 h including printing time) for 3D models (PDF/printed).VR directly applied to non-segmented 3D-MRI data set is a promising technique for 3D advanced modeling in CHD. It is systematically more consistent and faster when compared to standard 3D-modeling techniques.