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© Pierre Lafaye
Astrocytes marqués par des anticorps VHH anti-GFAP. Des anticorps d'alpagas dirigés contre une protéine spécifique des astrocytes, la GFAP (Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein), ont été obtenus à partir de camélidés immunisés. La partie VHH (partie de l'anticorps qui reconnaît l'antigène) a été exprimée sous forme recombinante chez Escherichia coli.
Publication : Plant molecular biology

Expression of anti human IL-4 and IL-6 scFvs in transgenic tobacco plants

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Plant molecular biology - 01 May 2003

Ehsani P, Meunier A, Nato F, Jafari A, Nato A, Lafaye P

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 12825686

Plant Mol. Biol. 2003 May;52(1):17-29

The two murine single-chain Fv (scFv) genes against human interleukin IL-4 and IL-6 cytokines were cloned in a plant expression vector (pGEJAE1) and mobilized to Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Tobacco leaf discs were co-cultured with Agrobacterium and transferred to selective media for regeneration. The tobacco in vitro plants produced scFvs against human IL-4 and IL-6. Only 8% of transformed plants expressing anti-IL-4 scFv were obtained versus 76% of transformed plants expressing anti-IL-6 scFv. In addition, some plants producing anti-IL-4 and anti-IL-6 scFvs aged more rapidly in in vitro conditions and in greenhouse pots than did control plants. Western blot analysis showed that the transformed Nicotiana tabacum plants contained proteins with an apparent molecular mass on electrophoresis of ca. 32 kDa, corresponding to the predicted size of the scFvs. As entire plant root seemed to accumulate more scFv than did leaves, we decided to continue working with isolated roots. Anti-IL-6 scFvs were detected in cultivated roots and their culture media. Functional anti-IL-6 scFv accounted for 0.16-0.18% of total soluble proteins. The affinity of the anti-IL-6 scFv produced in plants and measured by Biacore was similar to that of scFv produced in Escherichia coli. The high levels of antibody accumulation in isolated roots and secretion into the medium demonstrate the potential for producing recombinant protein in bioreactor systems.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12825686