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© Research
Publication : Bulletin europeen de physiopathologie respiratoire

Exercise- and allergen-induced asthma do not change the production of Paf-acether by neutrophils and platelets

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Bulletin europeen de physiopathologie respiratoire - 01 Jul 1987

Lurie A, Dessanges JF, Delautier D, Coëffier E, Chignard M, Crémer GA, Benveniste J, Marsac J, Lockhart A

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 3690021

Bull Eur Physiopathol Respir 1987 Jul-Aug;23(4):347-51

Paf-acether, whose role has been suggested in asthma, is a mediator released by stimulated neutrophils, platelets and other cells. Neutrophils and platelets are activated in vivo during exercise or allergen-induced asthma. Upon in vitro stimulation, macrophages from mice treated with an inflammatory stimulus, such as thioglycoccollate, release less paf-acether than macrophages from non-treated mice. We hypothesized that upon in vitro activation platelets and neutrophils should produce less paf-acether after exercise- or allergen-induced asthma. To test this hypothesis, we measured the production of paf-acether by neutrophils and platelets obtained before, 15 and 75 min after exercise in seven normal subjects and five asthmatic subjects with exercise-induced asthma, and in five other asthmatic subjects after specific challenge with Dermatophagoides Pteronyssinus. Purified neutrophils and washed platelets were incubated independently for 10 min at 37 degrees C with no specific activator, with a platelet activator (thrombin, 1 IU.ml-1), a neutrophil activator (opsonized zymosan, 1 mg.ml-1), and both together. We found no significant difference between asthmatic and normal subjects in the amount of paf-acether synthesized by platelets or neutrophils and no fall in the production of paf-acether after exercise- or allergen-induced asthma. However, our method may lack sensitivity in detecting partial activation of these cells and is based on the assumption that changes in peripheral blood cells are representative of changes of these cells in lungs.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3690021