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© Institut Pasteur
Corne d'Ammon (ou hippocampe) de renard atteint de rage sauvage. Coloration avec un conjugué fluorescent sur la nucléocapside du virus.
Publication : Medecine et maladies infectieuses

Epidemiology of viral encephalitis in 2011

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Medecine et maladies infectieuses - 29 Jul 2011

Stahl JP, Mailles A, Dacheux L, Morand P

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 21802875

Med Mal Infect 2011 Sep;41(9):453-64

Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain structures: neurons, vessels or glial cells. However, a consensual definition of the syndrome is difficult to obtain, and it is even more difficult to define encephalitis due a specific agent. Most viruses can be responsible for infectious encephalitis, but the number of encephalitis cases is very limited with regards of the incidence of benign infections from these pathogens. Viruses responsible for encephalitis can be animal-borne, vector-borne or human-to-human transmitted, they can infect preferentially immunocompetent or immunosuppressed patients, and some of them have demonstrated their epidemic potential. Herpes simplex encephalitis is recognized worldwide as the most frequent infectious encephalitis, and the only one with a validated specific treatment. Encephalitis following some viral infections such as measles or rabies can be prevented by vaccination. Unfortunately, effective treatment currently lacks for most encephalitic viral agents identified so far.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21802875