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© Research
Publication : Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry

Electron capture in charge-tagged peptides. Evidence for the role of excited electronic states

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry - 18 Sep 2007

Chamot-Rooke J, Malosse C, Frison G, Turecek F

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 17951069

J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom. 2007 Dec;18(12):2146-61

Electron capture dissociation (ECD) was studied with doubly charged dipeptide ions that were tagged with fixed-charge tris-(2,4,6-trimethoxyphenyl)phosphonium-methylenecarboxamido (TMPP-ac) groups. Dipeptides GK, KG, AK, KA, and GR were each selectively tagged with one TMPP-ac group at the N-terminal amino group while the other charge was introduced by protonation at the lysine or arginine side-chain groups to give (TMPP-ac-peptide + H)(2+) ions by electrospray ionization. Doubly tagged peptide derivatives were also prepared from GK, KG, AK, and KA in which the fixed-charge TMPP-ac groups were attached to the N-terminal and lysine side-chain amino groups to give (TMPP-ac-peptide-ac-TMPP)(2+) dications by electrospray. ECD of (TMPP-ac-peptide + H)(2+) resulted in 72% to 84% conversion to singly charged dissociation products while no intact charge-reduced (TMPP-ac-dipeptide + H)(+) ions were detected. The dissociations involved loss of H, formation of (TMPP + H)(+), and N-C(alpha) bond cleavages giving TMPP-CH(2)CONH(2)(+) (c(0)) and c(1) fragments. In contrast, ECD of (TMPP-ac-peptide-ac-TMPP)(2+) resulted in 31% to 40% conversion to dissociation products due to loss of neutral TMPP molecules and 2,4,6-trimethoxyphenyl radicals. No peptide backbone cleavages were observed for the doubly tagged peptide ions. Ab initio and density functional theory calculations for (Ph(3)P-ac-GK + H)(2+) and (H(3)P-ac-GK + H)(2+) analogs indicated that the doubly charged ions contained the lysine side-chain NH(3)(+) group internally solvated by the COOH group. The distance between the charge-carrying phosphonium and ammonium atoms was calculated to be 13.1-13.2 A in the most stable dication conformers. The intrinsic recombination energies of the TMPP(+)-ac and (GK + H)(+) moieties, 2.7 and 3.15 eV, respectively, indicated that upon electron capture the ground electronic states of the (TMPP-ac-peptide + H)(+*) ions retained the charge in the TMPP group. Ground electronic state (TMPP-ac-GK + H)(+*) ions were calculated to spontaneously isomerize by lysine H-atom transfer to the COOH group to form dihydroxycarbinyl radical intermediates with the retention of the charged TMPP group. These can trigger cleavages of the adjacent N-C(alpha) bonds to give rise to the c(1) fragment ions. However, the calculated transition-state energies for GK and GGK models suggested that the ground-state potential energy surface was not favorable for the formation of the abundant c(0) fragment ions. This pointed to the involvement of excited electronic states according to the Utah-Washington mechanism of ECD.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17951069