Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 11880300
Am. J. Physiol. Lung Cell Mol. Physiol. 2002 Apr;282(4):L743-50
We previously showed that the seminatural surfactant Curosurf inhibits the in vitro synthesis of secretory type IIA phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)-IIA) in alveolar macrophages (AM). These cells are the main source of sPLA(2)-IIA in a guinea pig model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI). Here, we investigate the effect of Curosurf on the pulmonary synthesis of sPLA(2)-IIA in this ALI model. Our results showed that intratracheal administration of LPS (330 microg/kg) induced an increase in pulmonary expression of sPLA(2)-IIA, which was inhibited when animals received Curosurf (16 mg/guinea pig) 30 min or 8 h after LPS instillation. When AM were isolated from LPS-treated animals and cultured in conditioned medium, they expressed higher levels of sPLA(2)-IIA than AM from saline-treated animals. This ex vivo sPLA(2)-IIA expression was significantly reduced when guinea pigs received Curosurf 30 min after LPS instillation. Finally, we examined the effect of Curosurf on pulmonary inflammation measured 8 or 24 h after LPS administration. Curosurf instillation 30 min or 8 h after LPS reversed the increase in tumor necrosis factor-alpha expression, polymorphonuclear cell extravasation, and protein concentration in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids. Curosurf also decreased the bronchial reactivity induced by LPS. We conclude that Curosurf inhibits the pulmonary expression of sPLA(2)-IIA and exhibits palliative anti-inflammatory effects in an animal model of ALI.