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© Michel-Robert Popoff
Clostridium difficile en microscopie à contraste de phase. On distingue des bactéries sporulées, non sporulées et d'autres en cours de lyse (destruction). Bactérie de l'environnement (sol, eau, foin, sable), elle est à l'origine d'infections nosocomiales survenant après un traitement antibiotique : Clostridium difficile prédomine alors que les autres bactéries de la flore intestinale ont été détruites. L'infection peut provoquer deux types de pathologies graves : les colites pseudo-membraneuses dont l'origine est quasiment due à 100 % à C. difficile et la diarrhée post-antibiothérapie due à C. difficile dans 30 % des cas de ces diarrhées.
Publication : Proteomics

Effect of mild acid pH on the functioning of bacterial membranes in Vibrio cholerae

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Proteomics - 01 May 2002

Hommais F, Laurent-Winter C, Labas V, Krin E, Tendeng C, Soutourina O, Danchin A, Bertin P

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 11987131

Proteomics 2002 May;2(5):571-9

In this paper, we initiated the first two-dimensional electrophoresis map of Vibrio cholerae, the aetiological agent of cholera disease. In this pathogen the efficient adaptation to detrimental conditions plays an important role in its survival in both the aquatic reservoir and human intestine. By proteome analysis we investigated the effect of mild acid treatment on the physiology of V. cholerae. More than 50 proteins were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry and database searching. Amongst them, pH regulated proteins belong to various functional classes such as intermediary metabolism and bacterial envelope. Several proteins whose accumulation level was decreased in response to acidic pH are known to be involved in the organization and the functioning of membranes, including lipopolysaccharide. Consistent with this, we observed an increased susceptibility to hydrophobic drugs, a loss of motility and a reduction in the ability to form a biofilm in cells grown at pH 6. Our results suggest that V. cholerae is able to sense a moderate decrease in pH and to modify accordingly its structure and physiology.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11987131