Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 33007493
Link to DOI – S2468-7855(20)30221-410.1016/j.jormas.2020.09.009
J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg 2020 Sep; ():
Craniofacial fractures management is challenging to teach due to the complex anatomy of the head, even when using three-dimensional CT-scan images. DIVA is a software allowing the straightforward visualization of CT-scans in a user-friendly three-dimensional virtual reality environment. Here, we assess DIVA as an educational tool for craniofacial trauma for undergraduate medical students. Three craniofacial trauma cases (jaw fracture, naso-orbital-ethmoid complex fracture and Le Fort 3 fracture) were submitted to 50 undergraduate medical students, who had to provide diagnoses and treatment plans. Each student then filled an 8-item questionnaire assessing satisfaction, potential benefit, ease of use and tolerance. Additionally, 4 postgraduate students were requested to explore these cases and to place 6 anatomical landmarks on both virtual reality renderings and usual slice-based three-dimensional CT-scan visualizations. High degrees of satisfaction (98%) without specific tolerance issues (86%) were reported. The potential benefit in a better understanding of craniofacial trauma using virtual reality was reported by almost all students (98%). Virtual reality allowed a reliable localization of key anatomical landmarks when compared with standard three-dimensional CT-scan visualization. Virtual reality interfaces such DIVA are beneficial to medical students for a better understanding of craniofacial trauma and allow a reliable rendering of craniofacial anatomy.