Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 10964773
Virology 2000 Sep;274(2):292-308
One mechanism by which dengue (DEN) virus may cause cell death is apoptosis. In this study, we investigated whether the genetic determinants responsible for acquisition by DEN type 1 (DEN-1) virus of mouse neurovirulence interfere with the induction of apoptosis. Neurovirulent variant FGA/NA d1d was generated during the adaptation of the human isolate of DEN-1 virus strain FGA/89 to grow in newborn mouse brains and mosquito cells in vitro [Desprès, P. Frenkiel, M. -P. Ceccaldi, P.-E. Duarte Dos Santos, C. and Deubel, V. (1998) J. Virol., 72: 823-829]. Genetic determinants possibly responsible for mouse neurovirulence were studied by sequencing the entire genomes of both DEN-1 viruses. Three amino acid differences in the envelope E protein and one in the nonstructural NS3 protein were found. The cytotoxicity of the mouse-neurovirulent DEN-1 variant was studied in different target cells in vitro and compared with the parental strain. FGA/NA d1d was more pathogenic for mouse neuroblastoma cells and attenuated for human hepatoma cells. Changes in virus replicative functions and virus assembly may account, in a large part, for the differences in the induction of apoptosis. Our data suggest that identified amino acid substitutions in the envelope E protein and viral RNA helicase NS3 may influence DEN-1 virus pathogenicity by altering viral growth.