Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 17018853
Blood 2007 Feb;109(3):1113-22
The broad and often contrasting effects of type I interferons (IFNs) in innate and adaptive immunity are belied by the signaling via a single receptor, IFN-alpha receptor (IFNAR). Here, we show that IFN-alpha/beta induces opposing effects on the immunologic outcome of antigen cross-presentation depending on dendritic cell (DC) maturation status. Despite equivalent IFNAR expression, immature conventional DCs (cDCs) activate STAT1 in response to IFN-alpha/beta, whereas exposure of mature DCs to IFN-alpha/beta results in signaling via STAT4. Microarray analysis revealed numerous transcriptional changes resulting from the altered signaling. Importantly, STAT1 signaling resulted in significant inhibition of CD40L-induced IL-12 production, accounting for the inhibition of CD8+ T-cell activation. These data provide evidence for a molecular switch in signaling pathways concomitant with DC maturation that offers a novel mechanism by which DCs modulate the integration of signals from the surrounding environment.