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© Marie Prévost, Institut Pasteur
Image of a portion of a Xenopus oocyte expressing a channel receptor.
Publication : Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology

Crotoxin acceptor protein isolated from Torpedo electric organ: binding properties to crotoxin by surface plasmon resonance

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology - 01 Mar 2003

Faure G, Copic A, Le Porrier S, Gubensek F, Bon C, Krizaj I

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 12657321

Toxicon 2003 Mar;41(4):509-17

Crotoxin, a potent neurotoxin from the South American rattlesnake Crotalus durissus terrificus, is a heterodimeric phospholipase A(2) (EC 3.1.1.4), which blocks the release of acetylcholine from peripheral neurons. We previously have suggested the existence of a 48 kDa crotoxin-binding protein in the presynaptic membranes of the electric organ of Torpedo marmorata. Here, we report the purification and characterization of this protein that we called the crotoxin acceptor protein from Torpedo (CAPT). The membranes of electric organs from Torpedo were solubilized with a detergent (4% (w/v) Triton X-100) and CAPT was isolated by affinity chromatography on a crotoxin column. SDS-PAGE showed that the purified protein was homogeneous and cross-linking studies with radioiodinated crotoxin confirmed that it had retained its toxin-binding properties. The purified CAPT has similar molecular mass as crocalbin, a crotoxin-binding protein isolated from porcine brains, yet anti-crocalbin antiserum failed to recognize CAPT. Surface plasmon resonance biosensor technology was used to measure the specific interaction between crotoxin and solubilized CAPT. Using this method, it was possible to follow CAPT throughout the purification procedure. As well, an apparent dissociation constant (K(d)(app)) of 3.4 nM was calculated for the interaction of pure CAPT and crotoxin from the dissociation rate constant (k(off)=1.2 x 10(-2)s(-1)) and the association rate constant (k(on)=3.5 x 10(6)M(-1)s(-1)).

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12657321