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© Research
Publication : Nature communications

Circulation of pertussis and poor protection against diphtheria among middle-aged adults in 18 European countries.

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Nature communications - 17 May 2021

Berbers G, van Gageldonk P, Kassteele JV, Wiedermann U, Desombere I, Dalby T, Toubiana J, Tsiodras S, Ferencz IP, Mullan K, Griskevicius A, Kolupajeva T, Vestrheim DF, Palminha P, Popovici O, Wehlin L, Kastrin T, Maďarová L, Campbell H, Ködmön C, Bacci S, Barkoff AM, He Q, ,

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 34001895

Link to DOI – 10.1038/s41467-021-23114-y

Nat Commun 2021 05; 12(1): 2871

Reported incidence of pertussis in the European Union (EU) and the European Economic Area (EEA) varies and may not reflect the real situation, while vaccine-induced protection against diphtheria and tetanus seems sufficient. We aimed to determine the seroprevalence of DTP antibodies in EU/EEA countries within the age groups of 40-49 and 50-59 years. Eighteen countries collected around 500 samples between 2015 and 2018 (N = 10,302) which were analysed for IgG-DTP specific antibodies. The proportion of sera with pertussis toxin antibody levels ≥100 IU/mL, indicative of recent exposure to pertussis was comparable for 13/18 countries, ranging between 2.7-5.8%. For diphtheria the proportion of sera lacking the protective level (<0.1 IU/mL) varied between 22.8-82.0%. For tetanus the protection was sufficient. Here, we report that the seroprevalence of pertussis in these age groups indicates circulation of B. pertussis across EU/EEA while the lack of vaccine-induced seroprotection against diphtheria is of concern and deserves further attention.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34001895