Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 3129292
Eur. J. Biochem. 1988 Apr;173(2):377-82
The interaction of chromomycin A3 (an antitumor antibiotic) with right-handed and left-handed polynucleotides has been studied by absorbance, fluorescence, circular dichroism, 31P-NMR and 1H-NMR techniques. Binding to either the B form of poly(dG-dC) or the Z form of poly(dG-m5dC) shifts the absorbance maximum to higher wavelength and enhances the fluorescence of the drug. Circular dichroic spectra of solutions containing various concentrations of chromomycin A3 and fixed concentrations of either B or Z polynucleotides show well defined isoelliptic points at similar wavelengths. At the isoelliptic point, the drug complex with B DNA exhibits positive ellipticity while with Z DNA it exhibits negative ellipticity. 31P-NMR spectra of the chromomycin A3 complex with the Z form of poly(dG-m5dC) demonstrate that the Z conformation is retained in the drug complex up to one molecule drug/four base pairs. At Mg2+ concentrations lower than that necessary to stabilize the left-handed conformation of poly(dG-m5dC) alone, 31P analysis shows that chromomycin A3 can bind simultaneously to both the B and Z conformations of poly(dG-m5dC), with no effect on the B-Z equilibrium. These data demonstrate that chromomycin A3 binds to left-handed poly(dG-m5dC) with retention of the left-handed conformation up to saturating drug concentrations.