Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 35468023
Link to DOI – 10.1080/15548627.2022.2069903
Autophagy 2022 Apr; (): 1-3
Accumulating data indicate that several components of the macroautophagy/autophagy machinery mediate additional functions, which do not depend on autophagosome biogenesis or lysosomal cargo degradation. In this context, we found that the core autophagy protein ATG9A participates in the chemotactic movement of several cell lines, including highly invasive glioblastoma cells. Accordingly, ATG9A-depleted cells are unable to form large and persistent leading-edge protrusions. By the design of an ATG9A-pHluorin construct and TIRF imaging, we established that ATG9A-positive vesicles are targeted toward the migration front, where their exocytosis is synchronized with protrusive activity. We finally demonstrated that ATG9A, through its interaction with clathrin adaptor complexes, controls the delivery of ITGB1 (integrin subunit beta 1) to the migration front and normal adhesion dynamics. Together, our work indicates that ATG9A protein has a wider role than anticipated and constitutes a critical component of vesicular trafficking allowing the expansion of cell protrusions and their anchorage to the extracellular matrix.