Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 10657674
J. Immunol. 2000 Feb;164(4):2193-9
Upon encounter with bacterial products, immature dendritic cells (iDCs) release proinflammatory cytokines and develop into highly stimulatory mature DCs. In the present study, we show that human monocyte-derived DCs functionally express the CD47 Ag, a thrombospondin receptor. Intact or F(ab’)2 of CD47 mAb suppress bacteria-induced production of IL-12, TNF-alpha, GM-CSF, and IL-6 by iDCs. 4N1K, a peptide derived from the CD47-binding site of thrombospondin, also inhibits cytokine release. The inhibition of IL-12 and TNF-alpha is IL-10-independent inasmuch as IL-10 production is down-modulated by CD47 mAb and blocking IL-10 mAb fails to restore cytokine levels. CD47 ligation counteracts the phenotypic and functional maturation of iDCs in that it prevents the up-regulation of costimulatory molecules, the loss of endocytic activity, and the acquisition of an increased capacity to stimulate T cell proliferation and IFN-gamma production. Interestingly, regardless of CD47 mAb treatment during DC maturation, mature DC restimulated by soluble CD40 ligand and IFN-gamma, to mimic DC/T interaction, produce less IL-12 and more IL-18 than iDCs. Finally, CD47 ligation on iDCs does not impair their capacity to phagocytose apoptotic cells. We conclude that following exposure to microorganisms, CD47 ligation may limit the intensity and duration of the inflammatory response by preventing inflammatory cytokine production by iDCs and favoring their maintenance in an immature state.