Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 20861253
J. Virol. 2010 Dec;84(23):12226-35
We show that poliovirus (PV) infection induces an increase in cytosolic calcium (Ca(2+)) concentration in neuroblastoma IMR5 cells, at least partly through Ca(2+) release from the endoplasmic reticulum lumen via the inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate receptor (IP(3)R) and ryanodine receptor (RyR) channels. This leads to Ca(2+) accumulation in mitochondria through the mitochondrial Ca(2+) uniporter and the voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC). This increase in mitochondrial Ca(2+) concentration in PV-infected cells leads to mitochondrial dysfunction and apoptosis.