Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 12368108
Toxicon 2002 Oct;40(10):1383-7
The calmodulin-activated adenylate cyclase (AC) toxin is an essential virulence factor of Bordetella pertussis, the causative agent of whooping cough. This toxin has been exploited to devise screening techniques for investigating diverse biological processes. This mini-review describes several such applications. First, AC has been utilized as a selective reporter for protein translocation from bacteria to eukaryotic cells, in particular to study protein targeting by type III secretion machinery. More recently, AC has been used as a signal transducer in Escherichia coli to elaborate genetic screens for protein-protein interactions (“bacterial two-hybrid system”) or site-specific proteolytic activities.