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© Christelle Durand
Microscopie d'un neurone. Le marquage jaune montre les synapses.
Publication : Bulletin de l'Académie nationale de médecine

[Autism: more evidence of a genetic cause]

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Bulletin de l'Académie nationale de médecine - 01 Feb 2009

Bourgeron T, Leboyer M, Delorme R

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 19718887

Bull. Acad. Natl. Med. 2009 Feb;193(2):299-304; discussion 304-5

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) affect at least 1/200 individuals. They are characterized by impaired communication skills and social interaction, as well as restricted, repetitive and stereotyped behaviours. Recent studies point to a role of a synaptic pathway, including synaptic cell adhesion molecules (neuroligins and neurexins) and scaffolding proteins (SHANK3). Abnormal synapse formation/maintenance and an imbalance between GABAergic and glutamatergic synaptic currents seem to be involved in the etiology of ASD.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19718887