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© Research
Publication : Scientific reports

Assessing the role of inter-facility patient transfer in the spread of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae: the case of France between 2012 and 2015.

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Scientific reports - 10 Sep 2020

Nekkab N, Crépey P, Astagneau P, Opatowski L, Temime L,

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 32913244

Link to DOI – 10.1038/s41598-020-71212-6

Sci Rep 2020 09; 10(1): 14910

The spread of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) in healthcare settings is a major public health threat that has been associated with cross-border and local patient transfers between healthcare facilities. Since the impact of transfers on spread may vary, our study aimed to assess the contribution of a patient transfer network on CPE incidence and spread at a countrywide level, with a case study of France from 2012 to 2015. Our results suggest a transition in 2013 from a CPE epidemic sustained by internationally imported episodes to an epidemic sustained by local transmission events through patient transfers. Incident episodes tend to occur within close spatial distance of their potential infector. We also observe an increasing frequency of multiple spreading events, originating from a limited number of regional hubs. Consequently, coordinated prevention and infection control strategies should focus on transfers of carriers of CPE to reduce regional and inter-regional transmission.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32913244