Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 16319183
Link to HAL – Click here
Link to DOI – 10.1093/jac/dki420
J Antimicrob Chemother 2006 Jan; 57(1): 110-5
We examined the atovaquone in vitro susceptibility and the cytochrome b (cytb) gene polymorphism of African Plasmodium falciparum isolates during the first years of atovaquone/proguanil use.Between 1999 and 2004, we collected blood samples from French P. falciparum-infected patients returning from African countries. Atovaquone susceptibility was determined using an in vitro isotopic test and cytb genotyping was performed by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis and sequencing. These results were analysed according to the clinical response to atovaquone/proguanil treatment.No in vitro atovaquone resistance (IC50 > 1900 nM) and no cytb mutation leading to the Y268S substitution were detected among 477 unexposed African P. falciparum isolates. Eight cytb polymorphisms were found outside the ubiquinone reduction site by sequencing the entire gene of 270 isolates. One atovaquone/proguanil treatment failure was documented; the post-treatment isolate had an atovaquone susceptibility of 8230 nM and the Ser268 Cytb change; the pre-treatment isolate, obtained 4 weeks previously, was Cytb Tyr268 (wild-type).No atovaquone/proguanil resistance was detected by phenotyping or genotyping among 477 unexposed African P. falciparum isolates. Atovaquone/proguanil-resistant parasite was detectable only in the post-treatment isolate from a treatment failure.