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© Pierre Lafaye
Astrocytes marqués par des anticorps VHH anti-GFAP. Des anticorps d'alpagas dirigés contre une protéine spécifique des astrocytes, la GFAP (Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein), ont été obtenus à partir de camélidés immunisés. La partie VHH (partie de l'anticorps qui reconnaît l'antigène) a été exprimée sous forme recombinante chez Escherichia coli.
Publication : Biological chemistry

A monoclonal antibody directed against the non-toxic subunit of a dimeric phospholipase A2 neurotoxin, crotoxin, neutralizes its toxicity

Scientific Fields
Diseases
Organisms
Applications
Technique

Published in Biological chemistry - 01 Jul 1998

Choumet V, Lafaye P, Mazié JC, Bon C

Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 9705154

Biol. Chem. 1998 Jul;379(7):899-906

Crotoxin is the main toxic component of the venom of the South-American rattlesnake Crotalus durissus terrificus. It is a phospholipase A2 neurotoxin constituted by the association of two subunits: an acidic, non-toxic and non-enzymatic subunit (CA) and a basic, weakly toxic phospholipase A2 (CB). A murine monoclonal antibody directed to the non-toxic subunit CA, A-56.36, was shown to fully neutralize the toxicity of crotoxin. When the in vitro pharmacological properties of crotoxin were further tested, A-56.36 was shown to enhance the enzymatic activity on negatively-charged phospholipids and to increase the acetylcholine release triggered by crotoxin on Torpedo synaptosomes. These effects were explained by the fast dissociation of the crotoxin complex in the presence of the monoclonal antibody A-56.36 and the immunocomplexation of CA, with CB being released in solution. CB is less toxic than crotoxin, has a higher enzymatic activity and triggers a higher acetylcholine release than crotoxin, due to its strong enzymatic activity. A single-chain variable fragment antibody was prepared from monoclonal antibody A-56.36. It binds to CA with a similar affinity than the parental immunoglobulin and exhibits similar effects on the in vitro pharmacological properties of crotoxin.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9705154