Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 31322798
Link to DOI – 10.1002/cbic.201900379
Chembiochem 2020 02; 21(3): 368-372
Mycobacterium tuberculosis l,d-transpeptidases (Ldts), which are involved in cell-wall biosynthesis, have emerged as promising targets for the treatment of tuberculosis. However, an efficient method for testing inhibition of these enzymes is not currently available. We present a fluorescence-based assay for LdtMt2 , which is suitable for high-throughput screening. Two fluorogenic probes were identified that release a fluorophore upon reaction with LdtMt2 , thus making it possible to assess the availability of the catalytic site in the presence of inhibitors. The assay was applied to a panel of β-lactam antibiotics and related inhibitors; the results validate observations that the (carba)penem subclass of β-lactams are more potent Ldt inhibitors than other β-lactam classes, though unexpected variations in potency were observed. The method will enable systematic structure-activity relationship studies on Ldts, thereby facilitating the identification of new antibiotics active against M. tuberculosis.