Link to Pubmed [PMID] – 20333718
Chemistry 2010 Apr;16(15):4669-77
Our program, which has focused on the preparation of new pyrazole derivatives, has led us to report here an original and simplified preparation of ethyl 3-ethoxy-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxylate. This is based on the reaction of hydrazine monohydrochloride and diethyl 2-(ethoxymethylene)malonate. Further transformations of this key compound allowed the preparation of the two possible iodinated isomers, namely, 3-ethoxy-4-iodo- and 3-ethoxy-5-iodo-1H-pyrazole. These compounds have opened the way to a quick access to many original pyrazole series. As an illustration, we report here on the selectivity of N-arylation, by using the Lam and Cham method, the C4- and C5-arylation of some of these 3-ethoxypyrazole derivatives by using the Suzuki-Miyaura reaction, and C5-benzylation reactions by means of the Negishi reaction. This was followed by hydrolysis of the ethoxy group, which led to the corresponding pyrazol-3-one derivatives. As a conclusion of this work, we conducted an investigation into the regiochemistry of the condensation between diethyl 2-(ethoxymethylene)malonate and the hydrochloride salts of methyl, benzyl, or phenyl hydrazine.